Posted by: Charles Smith | February 20, 2014

Metal Clay: What is it all about?

manzen:

Interesting new material! Can’t wait to try this myself.

Originally posted on Sandra Elizabeth York:

By Sandra Elizabeth York

There seems to be a prevalent negative view of Precious Metal Clays, which I believe is undeserved. I have spoken to people who have been turned off by broken pieces, who believe that it is not real silver, and who believe that using Metal Clays is considered cheating. This is not the case.

Silver Metal Clay was originally developed by Mitsubishi, the car manufacturer, after they found that they were collecting a large amount of recycled silver, mostly from the film industry. They developed a way to break the silver down into a fine powder, to which they added water and a binding agent that would burn off in high heat. Like any new product, their original formula had issues. Since then, they have developed two other, more advanced lines of Silver Metal Clay.

There are some necessary handling considerations when you’re dealing with Metal Clay…

View original 360 more words

Posted by: Charles Smith | February 18, 2014

A Buyers Guide to Wire Wrapped Jewelry

In the last few years as I’ve been learning how to appreciate wire wrapped jewelry and to create my own, I’ve seen that there is very little in the way of documentation on exactly what makes this art form so unique and beautiful and even exactly what it is. So here is my take on what wire wrap jewelry is, some terms commonly applied to wire wrap jewelry,  and why it makes a good choice to purchase for those looking for truly one of a kind artisan made jewelry

Wire wrap jewelry is probably the oldest of jewelry techniques.  Archeologist have found wire wrapped artifacts dated as far back as 2000 B.C. and the technique is probably a great deal older than that. Many ancient cultures employed wire wrap techniques including the Celts,  Phoenicians, Greeks and Egyptians and many of the methods they employed are still used by modern artisans.

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Ancient Greek Gold Wire Pendant

You might wonder why this technique goes back so far in history. Well one reason is that the making of wire was one of the very earliest of achievements in ancient metallurgy. Soft metals like copper, silver and gold can easily be drawn into wire even with primitive equipment, and in fact many modern wire artisans still do this by hand to get the precise dimensions and hardness that they need for a particular piece. Another reason is that there is no need for complicated casts or soldering to set stones or beads and almost any shape of rough or faceted material can be wrapped with no special tools. Additionally the level of complexity can be just as simple or as detailed as the artisan chooses including weaving in multiple elements of widely differing media. Ancient and modern artisans alike have used wire wrap techniques to incorporate bone, wood, fabric, ceramics and just about any material you can imagine into amazing wearable art.

You can see that due to the wide variety of possible materials, defining what wire wrapped jewelry is can be a daunting task. For those looking to purchase truly artisan made products it might be easier to say what it is not. From a purist standpoint any technique that uses solder or glue to hold the media to the setting is not truly wire wrapped. This precludes the artisan from using a pre- fabricated wire setting and simply adding the stone or other media later. A key feature of wire wrapped jewelry is that each piece must be unique and not be mass produced in any way. This leads us to another point. Manufactured castings should not be a major feature of the piece. I’m seeing a great many pieces on the market that use inexpensive castings that closely mimic the way that wire wrap looks but are mass manufactured. It is only a matter of a few seconds work to take one of these castings, add a stone or bead to it and call it done instead of the hours (or indeed days) that a true artisan would take to create a one of a kind piece.

Another issue I see is those who really aren’t familiar with wire wrapped jewelry calling any technique using wire, “wire wrapped”.  I’ve even seen this in commercial books and dvd’s authored for crafters and DIY’ers learning jewelry skills. Often multiple beads and findings are combined into lovely bracelets, necklaces and earrings using wire. These can be really remarkable works in their own right and very beautiful, but, at least in my mind, if the wire is not a primary design element and is used only to connect the beads, then the piece cannot be properly called “wire wrapped”.

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Wire wrapped ruby pendant showing the bundle of wrapped wire forming the bezel. Bent wire prongs are also added to the top of the bezel in this piece.

So what should an informed buyer be looking for when purchasing artisan made wire wrapped jewelry? There are many techniques, far too many to list here, but most wire wrapped jewelry you’ll find on the market today has some things in common. Firstly the bezel or primary setting of the piece will not be a single solid piece of metal (this would probably indicate that it’s a casting, not wire) it will instead be a multi stranded bundle of wire either bound together with other wire at key junctures, or in the case of Viking weave techniques it might be a more or less continuous coil of wire. These are generally called binding wires. Next the bail (where the pendant or earrings are suspended from their chain or ear wires) is usually formed from the same wires as the bezel- not a separate piece. If the stone is a “cabochon” and not a bead, it will be held in place on the back and the front of the stone with wires bent in from the side of the bezel. You might also see prongs holding in the stone but if it’s truly wire wrapped the prongs will be formed out of bent wire added on to the bezel and not soldered on.

As you can see from the discussion above there are features intrinsic to how wire wrapped jewelry is made that make it a good choice for those looking for jewelry or wearable art that is completely different from any other form. Firstly, the methods used to create it dictate that each piece must be distinct. Most other forms of jewelry rely on castings or molds that allow mass reproductions of the same design. If you buy jewelry from a box store (or even Tiffanies) you can be assured that there are hundreds if not thousands of people with exactly the same piece!  Secondly because the artisan is not restricted to a casting of a particular size or shape they are free to set stones or other objects of nearly any shape or dimension. This feature also makes accessible to the artisan a whole host of lapidary materials that you will never find in a box store especially since the artisan is not restricted to exclusively using small. expensive, faceted gems. Slabs of sliced mineral, precious and semi- precious gem cabochons and even raw stone nuggets in the artisans hands can show their own unique beauty and make incredibly stunning finished pieces. Lastly wire wrapped jewelry is not only beautiful and unique it is extremely durable. Well made wire wrapped jewelry uses the fluidity of the wire to it’s upmost to securely embrace the focus piece in multiple dimensions. Wire wrapped jewelry doesn’t rely on just flimsy soldered on prongs to hold the stones and even if the piece were to be dropped or otherwise banged around as long as the stone remains intact the wire can generally be gently reshaped into place.

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Freeform Jasper/Agate cabochon in flowing wire wrap.

As you can see if you are looking for a break from cheap mass produced jewelry or from overpriced cookie cutter designs, artisan made wire wrapped jewelry can be a truly unique and striking alternative that will make a statement and last for generations.

Links:

My etsy shop for wire wrapped jewelry and wearable art

About my methods

My Facebook Page for EarthArtsNorthwest

Posted by: Charles Smith | June 10, 2009

Welcome Meditation

Every cast is a meditation. Who catches who? The line runs both ways and the river draws you to it as well. You hear it in your sleep.

Fly fiishing is my meditation. Away from my day-to day. Just me, the water, occassionally the fish. Someday maybe I’ll even forget to tie a fly on. Someday maybe I’ll catch a fish without a fly. I’m not even sure who catches who. Most of the time it feels like the fish and the water are pulling me to them. I can’t even pass a drain ditch without wondering where it came from and whether fish live within.

My cast is like the blind kyūdō archer releasing an arrow to to target he can’t see. Unlike the archer though, I don’t even know if the target exists until my cast strikes home. The meditation isn’t perfect. The mundane interferes. My back cast catches a tree. My feet slip and I get wet. A beer bottle mars the stream side. But like other meditations I don’t block the distraction. I observe it, then allow it to slide by a mere swirling eddy in the flow.

Somehow tired, scratched, often wet- I return from my meditation feeling reminded that everything is within an unseen river- flowing all together. I feel refreshed.

Cedar River Rainbow

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